Typically, someone searching google with the question of " how to bottle feed a newborn Bulldog puppy" has just returned home from the vet after their Bulldog has given birth via cesarian section. I'll assume that's the current situation you've found yourself in.
Newborn Bulldog puppies may need fed by bottle if the Mother is slow to produce milk. Thankfully the milk usually comes in after 6-12 hrs and all you have to do is make mom lay down and place the puppies on her nipple.
Hopefully you've already prepared for this scenario before your Bulldog gave birth by stopping by your local pet store and picking up a good bottle and milk replacer(puppy formula) like Esbilac. Get a bottle with a good measurement diagram on it so you can easily tell how much milk the puppy is drinking. Do not use a baby bottle.
Actually, if you're like me you find a plastic syringe to be much more useful for the first week of the puppy's life because you can put a nipple on it and see more clearly how much milk the puppy is getting. With the syringe and nipple you also gain more control as to how fast the milk is going in because you have to move the plunger forward before most of the milk can even escape into the puppy's mouth. Get a syringe that holds 5 ml and you're golden for the first week.
How Much Milk Does a Newborn Bulldog Puppy Eat?
The measurements on the bottle should be in cc. or ml. Those two measurements are the same and a newborn Bulldog puppy will eat 1ml or cc of milk for every ounce of his weight. The typical newborn Bulldog pup weighs about 5-7 ounces, but you want to have a food scale handy so you can be confident about the amount you're feeding.
If you're still at the vet's office where your puppies were delivered they'll probably have a bottle there for you to use. While you're there you need to ask for a tube feeding syringe as well as an example of how to use it in case you have a weak puppy. Your vet needs to make sure the puppies can latch on and feed on colostrum at least one time after the c-section to ensure the puppies can eat on their own before leaving for home. Insist that your puppies and the Mother be healthy and robust before they send you home - That's what you're paying them for.
Prepare your puppy bottle by piercing the nipple with a heated needle. The needle should be heated by a lighter so that when it punctures the nipple the hole doesn't seal back up. Start with one hole and move up if necessary.
After making the first hole, tip the bottle upside down to test the flow. When upside down, the bottle should not drip too much, but a drop will escape the nipple and rest there. If no milk escapes when upside down your bottle may be too slow. At any rate, you may try the bottle first before puncturing a new hole to see how it works.
How to Make The Newborn Bulldog Puppy go Pee and Poo
I know - Lovely title, right? Before feeding, you must help the puppy to poo and pee by gently stroking his genitals on a baby wipe warmed to room temperature. Make sure not to get poo on his/her penis or vagina. You may clean them the same way after they eat too, but it's usually not necessary. Just keep track of the puppies to make sure they are pooping at least every 1-3 feedings and peeing usually at least once or twice every feeding.
If the Mother of the puppies is able, it's therapeutic to allow her to clean the puppies. Take advantage of her abilities. As a Mother she can even be more thorough than you and without the need for costly baby wipes that end up stinking up the trash can anyway. Just hold the newborn Bulldog pups in place on the floor in front of her or hold the puppy while she licks. This can be messy so be careful. Wash your hands well with hot water and soap before and after each feeding.
Sometimes there will be what seems like an explosion of poo and pee and other times there will be just enough to notice it on the cloth. Poo can be green or brown and is usually very soft and runny for the first few days. If the puppy doesn't poo and pee he could eventually die so if you notice there is no poo or pee over the coarse of 3 feedings you may have a problem. First, make sure the puppy is even getting food to digest. I you're sure he's getting food then consult your veterinarian.
Bottle Feeding Technique.
So, now that's it's been 2 hrs. since your newborn Bulldog puppy's last meal he's ready to eat. Place the puppy at chest level on a table in front of you. With his head propped up at 45 degrees you may place the nipple in his mouth. Many times with 1-3 day old puppies you may have to open their mouth with your fingers to get the nipple in. If the puppy won't open you may also begin with him by letting him suck your finger and once he's gotten interested you can switch your finger out with the nipple.
The puppy's sucking shouldn't sound like a lot of lip smacking, but it should be more quiet. If his lips and tongue are making a lot of smacking or suckling noise he may not have the best suction. In this case you probably need to adjust the bottle or the pup's head so that he can get better suction.
If the newborn puppy is slow to move and sucks, but has almost no suction he will likely have to be tube fed. Tube feeding is an advanced practice so before you try it make sure you know what you're doing. For most, a simple YouTube video on how to tube feed will not suffice, but your vet will have to assist you the first couple of times so you can get the hang of it.
The milk should be sucked from the bottle by a 1-3 day old puppy at a rate of about 1ml per 15-30 seconds. After filling the syringe it's a great idea to push the milk out away from the puppy so you can see how fast it comes out. This will give you a better idea of how fast you need to move the plunger. Watch the puppy as he eats. If he suddenly jerks his head, turns his head to the side or hesitates, he is probably getting more than he can handle.
It is far better to go slow than to take a chance on the puppy getting too much and inhaling the formula. If the formula is inhaled, pneumonia will likely set in within a few hours and death could incur without incubation and antibiotic intervention. So, you see, it is crucial to start very slow and test the puppy to see how much they can take.
Milk Coming Out From The Bulldog Puppy's Nose.
If a puppy does get too much milk at one time, it will come out of his nose. If it's really bad he may even look like he's gasping for air. Quickly remove the bottle. Do not shake the puppy, but gently wipe his nose and hold his head facing down on your thigh or chest so that any milk can work it's way out of his lungs. Use a bulb syringe to suction his nose while holding him in this position too. With this technique it is hoped that any milk that has invaded the lungs will begin to retreat after 5-10 minutes.
Signs of Inhalation or Sickness From Milk Inhalation.
After treatment of suspected inhalation, the puppy may continue to eat as long as there is no audible or visible sign of excessive milk in the airway, but he must be monitored carefully over the next few hours. You can hold the puppy up to your ear to listen for raspy breathing in the lungs, but there's just no way to tell if milk is in the lungs for sure. Some raspy noise from the mouth or nose is normal.
If he becomes slower to move than the other puppies, feels cold or won't eat he could be getting sick and it may be best to get him to vet immediately. On a side note, often times newborn puppies expel milk from their noses while eating because they're just learning how to take in milk and swallow it. If they begin to expel milk from the nose, just stop them from eating for a moment and wipe the nose then let them back to their eating.
Usually, the puppies will better learn how to eat within a few days and the milk won't go through the nose.
How Often to Feed Newborn Bulldog Puppies.
First, let me warn you, the Bulldog puppies should not be left down with the Mother for the first 2 wks of their lives. The Mother can squash a puppy and kill it because of her clumsiness, especially during the first 24 hrs when she is tired from a sleepless gestation and the anesthesia administered for the delivery.
For each feeding, you will have to lay the Mother Bulldog down and place each puppy on the nipple being sure each one latches on before getting another. You may have to lovingly force the mom to stay down to feed her pups because some times they just do not want anything to do with their new pups.
Sometimes the new mom will nervously clean her puppies almost non-stop. If she licks them for too long she will begin to lick the hair and skin right of the puppy's rear end so don't let her linger on each pup for more than a minute. As each puppy becomes gorged with milk they will let go of the nipple and sleep. At this point you want to place them in a clean basket on a table where they cannot fall and mom cannot reach them even by jumping. Separating mom from the babies may make her nervous, but it's essential to their survival until they are bigger.
Typically, for the first week a puppy will feed every 2 hrs and every 3 hrs starting at 2 wks of age. If you have 7 puppies and begin feeding them at 7pm and finish at 745pm you will need to feed the first puppy you fed again at 9pm. Feed the puppies in the same order each feeding so you can be sure each puppy is waiting no longer than 2 hrs for his next meal. If a puppy waits longer, he could become dehydrated and struggle to eat. If you make a mistake and miss the feeding by 10 minutes it shouldn't be a big deal except for the first 2 days which are so, so crucial. Be vigilant! Have a plan for who will be feeding the puppies and what times.
For my wife and I we have worked out a pretty good schedule for feeding newborn Bulldog pups.
I feed the puppies from 12am to 4am.
Kate feeds the puppies from 6am to 10am.
We feed the puppies together from 2pm to 10pm.
The schedule shown above allows me to sleep from about 430am to as late as 12pm if I don't get awoken by our three young boys lol. Most of the time I actually sleep until like 10 am because 4-6 hrs is plenty.
Obviously some variations can be made for different families depending on work schedules, but to do this alone would be impossible especially if the person has other responsibilities like work or children. Hopefully you planned ahead for this grueling feeding schedule, but if you are unprepared or unable to assume these feeding responsibilities you must find help right away. Find a trustworthy person or friend that can feed the puppies for the first 2 weeks or ask your vet if they can offer the 24 hr care that your new Bulldog puppies need. After about 2 weeks the puppies can be left with the mom granted she has milk.